Mathews was earlier dropped from the limited overs squad with allegations over his fitness.
The former Sri Lankan batsman has been given 14 days to respond to the charges laid down by the ICC.
During the second against India in Hyderabad, Law was found guilty of breaching Level 2 Article 2.7 of the ICC Code of Conduct.
These five players have lost their given chances in ODIs and might not make it to the 2019 World Cup.
Shardul Thakur became the 294th Test player for India.
Pakistan will play their first game of Asia Cup 2018 against Hong Kong on September 16.
India lost the ODI and Test series on the tour to England and Ravi Shastri has come under fire.